Internet of Things: Everything You Must Know About IoT

Positive Stud
7 min readSep 5, 2022

What is IoT? Here are several basic things you must know about the Internet of things!

What does IoT stand for? — IoT stands for the Internet of Things.

What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

To put it simply, the Internet of Things is a network of linked physical objects that communicate online (With the Internet). In many ways, the data these Internet of Things devices collect and share with other devices, systems, and applications “talks” to us and the other things it is connected to.

IoT devices produce sensory, biotelemetry, and a wide variety of other data types, from wearables to industrial sensors.


How does IoT work?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of Internet-connected devices. These devices are essentially minicomputer processors that use machine learning to act on sensor data. Smart warehouse vehicles, fitness trackers, and cold storage temperature monitors are all examples of IoT devices.

A complete IoT system consists of four components:

1. Sensors and devices

Data is sent to the cloud by smart devices or sensors.

2. Data Gathering and Connectivity

Data is transferred from a device or sensor to the cloud via a connection. The way these devices connect varies depending on their purpose.

Today’s popular methods include:

  • HTTP/S
  • Bluetooth
  • RFID readers
  • FTP

And a group of new IoT-specific communication protocols.

Data is sent to a gathering point at a data center or in the cloud using one of the methods listed above.

3. Machine Learning and/or Data Processing

After the IoT device collects data from its surroundings and aggregates it in a data center or cloud, the information is processed by software. Without user intervention, the device can decide to perform an action, such as sending an alert to a user or automatically adjusting a sensor.



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